Consolidating democracy south korea the rightstuffdating
This article sheds light on the positive role of power transfers or leadership successions in the democratic consolidation process in South Korea.
In this study, we argue that democratic consolidation in South Korea is slowly taking place, and it is best measured by institutional rather than an individual president’s accomplishment.
With the scandals largely played out, attention is turning to South Korea’s presidential election on May 9, 2017, and to the longer-term impact of recent events on South Korean democracy.
On one level, the first-ever impeachment of a South Korean president is a source of shame on the global stage for the country’s democratic image.
Therefore, democratic consolidation is not directly related to the success or failure of presidents since the transition to democracy occurred in 1987.
Regardless of each president’s performance, repeated power shifts and successions through fair elections are likely to lead to the creation of a favorable political environment for democratic institutions to mature, which will support continued democratic consolidation in South Korea.
Then opportunities and constraints that Korean democracy has been facing.
Korean new democracy enjoys prosperous economy, ethnic homogeneity, religious peace, effective state, and civilian control over the military.
Ever since Park Geun-hye came to power there has been talk of regression into authoritarianism, a claim which on the balance of the evidence seems overblown.
On the other hand, Park’s nineteen-year dictatorship meant South Korea’s “political backwardness” despite rapid economic development.
The Park regime’s maintenance of the cozy tripartite relationships among government, banks, and big businesses has been seen as partly responsible for the 1997 South Korean currency crisis.
To highlight the point, the produced a graph showing support for democracy in five Western states (Sweden, Australia, Netherlands, United States, New Zealand, and Britain) based on the dataset used by Foa and Mounk and guided by the author’s operationalization of “support for democracy.” The data show answers to a question in the fifth wave of the World Values Survey (WVS), which ran between the years 20.
The question asks, “How important is it for you to live in a country that is governed democratically?